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List of Medicinal Plants

Species
Some active ingredient(s)
Allium ssp.
Alan, Allicin, Ajoene
Aloe vera
Aloin, aloe-emodin
Andrographis paniculata
Andrographolide, neoandrographolide (antidysenteric)
Artemisia annua
Artemisinin (antimalarial)
Atropa belladonna
Atropine
Berberis spp.
Berberine (antidysenteric)
Betula lenta
Methyl salicylate
Brassica nigra
Allyl isothiocyanate (rubefacient)
Camellia sinesis
Caffeine, theophylline
Camptotheca acuminata
Camptothecin, etc. (antitumor)
Cannabis sativa
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (antiglaucomic, antemetic)
Capsicum spp.
Capsaicin
Catharanthus roseus
Leurocristine (vincristine) and vinca leukoblastine (vinblastine)
Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
Pyrethrins (insecticide)
Cinchona pubescens
Quinine
Cinnamomum camphora
Camphor (rubefacient)
Colchicum autumnale
Colchicine, colchiceine amide, demecolcine
Coleus forskohlii
Forskolin (cardiovascular)
Curcuma longa
Curcumin (choleretic, anticoagulant)
Datura stramonium
Scopolamine, hyoscyamine, atropine
Digitalis lanata
Digoxin, lanatoside C, acetyidigoxin
Digitalis purpurea
Digitoxin and digitalis whole leaf
Ephedra spp.
Ephedrine, pseudephedrine, norpseudephedrine
Erythroxylum coca
Cocaine
Gentiana spp.
Gentiamarin, gentisic acid
Ginkgo biloba
Superoxide dismutase
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Licorice extract
Hyoscyamus spp.
Hyoscyamine, hyoscine, atropine
Justicia adhatoda
Vasicine (oxytocic, expectorant)
Myristica fragrans
Nutmeg oil
Myroxylon balsamum var. pereirae
Peru balsam
Nicotiana tabacum
Nicotine (insecticide)
Papaver somniferum
Codeine, morphine, noscapine, papaverine
Papaver bracteatum
Thebaine
Phyllanthus spp.
Phyllanthoside (antitumor)
Picrorrhiza kurroa
Kuskin, cinnamic acid, vanillic acid, apocyanin (choleretic, laxative)
Pinus elliottii
Turpentine
Pinus palustris
Turpentine
Rauvolfia serpentina
Reserpine
Rauvolfia spp.
Deserpidine, reserpine, rescinnamine, ajmaline
Ricinus communis
Castor ricinoleic acid, ricin oil,
Silybum marianum
Silymarin (antihepatotoxic)
Strophanthus gratus
Ouabain
Syzygium aromaticum
Clove oil (antiseptic)
Taxus brevifolia
Taxol (antitumor)
Vinca minor
Vincamine (cerebrotonic, hypotensive)
Zingiber officinale
Borneol (analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyretic), shogoal, zingerone



Previous Question on this Topic CSIR-UGC-JRF-NET

medicinal plants
1.  Synthesis of Betalnin is characteristics of family?
a) Chenopodiaceae
b) Asteraceae
c) Solanaceae
d) Caryophyllaceae
Ans: Caryophyllaceae

2. Biodiesel is obtained from
a) Calotropis
b) Catharanthus
c) Jatropha
d) Atropa belladonna
Ans: Jatropha

3. Which anticancerous drug is obtained from Catharathus roseus?
a) Taxol
b) Colchicine
c) Serpentine
d) Vincristine
Ans: Vincristine

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