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Number of species in India

India has only 2.4% of the World’s land area, but its share of global species diversity is an impressive 8.1%. That is what makes our country one of the 12 mega diversity countries of the world. Nearly 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of animals have been recorded from India.
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Group
Number of species
1
Bacteria
850
2
Algae
6,500
3
Fungi
14,500
4
Lichens
2,000
5
Protozoa
2,577
6
Angiosperms
17,500
7
Gymnosperms
64
8
Pteridophyte
1,100
9
Bryophyte
2,850
10
Protochordates
119
11
Arthropods
68,389
12
Molluscs
5,070
13
Amphibians
209
14
Fish
2546
15
Reptiles
456
16
Birds
1232
17
Mammals
300
18
Other invertebrates
8,329

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