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List of Plant Model Organisms

Model Organism Characteristics I Mammalian and Non Mammalian Models
Arabidopsis thaliana
Common Name:
Mouse-ear Cress or Thale Cress
Arabidopsis thaliana
Reason for Use as a Model: Small genome, easily grown in lab, self-fertile (does not require a pollinator)
Year of Genome Sequence: 2000 (first plant to have its genome sequenced)
Brachypodium distachyon
Common Name:Purple False Brome
Brachypodium distachyon
Reason for Use as a Model: Small genome, small physical size, self-fertile, grass family, Monocot.
Year of Genome Sequence: 2010
Lotus japonicus
Japanese common name: Miyakogusa
Lotus japonicus
Reason for Use as a Model: Nitrogen fixer, different symbiotic relationship from Medicago
Medicago truncatula
Common Name: Barrel Clover
Medicago truncatula
Reason for Use as a Model: Nitrogen fixer, different symbiotic relationship from Lotus, small genome and physical size.
Picea abies
Common Name: Norway Spruce
Picea abies
Reason for Use as a Model: Conifer, used for somatic embryogenesis.
Selaginella moellendorffii
Common Name: Spikemoss
Selaginella moellendorffii
Reason for Use as a Model: Smallest genome of any plant species, lycophyte - a primitive vascular plant.
Year of Genome Sequence: 2008
Populus trichocarpa
Common Name:Western Balsam Poplar
Populus trichocarpa
Reason for Use as a Model: Tree, important in paper manufacturing.
Year of Genome Sequence: 2006 (first tree genome sequenced)
Physcomitrella patens (Moss)

Physcomitrella patens

Reason for Use as a Model: Non-vascular plant, used for investigating tip growth and cell polarity.
Year of Genome Sequence: 2006
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Green alga)

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Reason for Use as a Model: Single-celled alga. Study of its flagellar system has been important in revealing the basis of some human ciliary diseases.
Year of Genome Sequence: 2010

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