Cell wall: The plant cells have cell wall made of cellulose outside the plasma membrane
Chloroplast: Plants are green in colour due to the presence of chlorophyll in the chloroplast.
Vacuoles: Plant cells have large vacuoles filled with sap.
Centrosome: Centrosome with centrioles absent.
Cell wall is absent and only plasma membrane is present.
Chloroplasts are absent in animal cells. Animals have no chlorophyll.
Vacuoles are absent.
Centrioles with centrioles present.
Plants manufacture their own food (autotrophs) with help of carbondioxide and water in the presence of chlorophyll and sunlight. Non green plants are exceptions.
Plants need no digestive system as they synthesize their own food.
They store carbohydrate in the form of Starch.
Animals cannot manufacture their on food (heterotrophs). They depend on plants or other animals for their food. Euglena is an exception.
Animals have digestive system to digest the food before it is absorbed by the alimentary canal.
They store carbohydrate in the form of Glycogen.
|Fixed in the soil (Except Algae like- Chlamydomonas, Volvox) But organs like leaves and bud do show slight movements.||They move around for food (except-Corals and Sponges).The organs make movement.|
The meristematic zones present in the tips of the root and stem divide and growth take place throughout life (indeterminate growth).
No meristematic zones, the various organs and the organs as a whole grow up to a limit (determinate growth).
|Exchange of gases takes place through stomata.|
Have respiration through their skin, lungs, gills etc. Some use O2 of the air while others use oxygen of the surrounding water.
They secrete harmless products which are stored in their bodies.
They excrete ammonia, urea, uric acid and other wastes which get eliminated through excretory systems.
They reproduce asexually (by spores) and vegetative methods (spores and vegetative methods)
They reproduce by asexual and sexual method of reproduction. The anomaly belonging to lower groups like Amoeba reproduce by only asexual methods
They do not have nervous system and sense organs. So, the responses to stimuli like touch, light, are slow.
They have the nervous system and sense organs. The response to stimuli are quick