Mitochondrion and chloroplast are semi-autonomous organelles. Mitochondria are double membrane and sausage shaped. Chloroplast may be lens shaped
Let us see the differences….
Difference between: Mitochondria and Chloroplast
1. They are colourless cell organelles.
2. Mitochondria are found in all types of cells of aerobic organisms, both plants and animals.
3. They are generally cylindrical in outline.
4. Their inner membrane is folded into cristae
5. Cristae do not form grana.
6. Pigments do not occur in mitochondria.
7. Mitochondria do not take part in the conversion of light energy into chemical energy.
8. They liberate energy by breaking down of organic food to produce carbon dioxide and water.
9. Mitochondria consume oxygen.
10. Site of electron transport chain, Beta oxidation, Oxidative phosphorylation, Photorespiration.
1. Chloroplast are green organelles
2. They are restricted to only some protists (Euglena) and in plants.
3. Chloroplasts are generally disc shaped
4. The inner membrane gives rise to flattened sacs called thylakoids.
5. At places, thylakoids produce stacks of disc called grana.
6. The membranes of thylakoids possess photosynthetic pigments, chlorophylls and carotenoids.
7. Chloroplasts are the centers of conversion of solar energy into chemical energy.
8. They store energy by building up organic food for which carbon dioxide and water are used as raw materials in the process of photosynthesis.
9. Chloroplasts liberate oxygen.
10. Site of Photosynthesis, Photorespiration