Glands and Hormones

Gland that controls the endocrine gland: Pituitary gland
Pituitary gland : consists of three lobes
  • Anterior lobe: Stomatotrophin (STH), Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinising (LH), Adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH), TSH, Prolactin
  • Intermediate lobe : Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH)
  • Posterior lobe : Oxytoxin and Vassopressin
Thyroid gland :
Thyroxine (Tetraiodothyronin orT4)
  • Triiodothyronine ( T3)
  • Calcitonin
Parathyroid gland:
  • Parathormone (PTH) or Collip's hormone
  • Thymosine
Adrenal gland: separated into two distinct structures (adrenal coterx and adrenal medulla)
  • Coterx: Glucocorticoids(Cortisol and corticosterone), Mineralocorticoids (Aldosterone) & Sexcorticoids(Androgens)
  • Medulla: Adrenaline(Epinephrine) and nonadrenaline (nonepinephrine)
Pineal gland:
  • Melatonin
  • Serotonin

  • Insulin
  • Glucagon
Gonadal hormones (Steroid Hormones):
  • Testes: Testosterone
  • Ovaries: Estrogen, Progesterone, Relaxin
Placental hormones:
  • HCG,
  • Estrogen
  • Progesterone
At a glance: Hormones and Glands
  • Hormone of maternity: Prolactin
  • Milk production hormone: Prolactin
  • Birth hormone and milk ejecting hormone: Oxytoxin
  • Emergency hormone: Adrenaline
  • Antiabortion hormone: Progesterone
  • Hormones of Metabolism:Insulin, Glucagon, Calcitonin and Corticoids.
  • Hormones of reproduction: FSH,LH (ICSH in male), oxytoxin,sex hormones.
  • Hormones of growth and development: GH (somatotropin), thyroxine
  • Salt-retaining hormone: Aldosterone
  • Antidiuretic hormone: Vassopressin
  • Prolactin inhibiting hormone: Dopamine
  • Anti-gonadotrophic hormone: Melatonin
  • Hormones helps in parturition: Relaxin and oxytoxin
  • Hormones responsible for maintaining pregnancy: Progesterone
  • Sex hormone: Steroid hormones except HCG and relaxin
  • Hormone associate with immune system: Thymus
  • Pregnancy test hormone: HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin)
  • Anti-aging hormone: Thumus, melatonin
  • "Master" gland of the endocrine System: Pituitary gland
  • Smallest gland of the endocrine System:Pituitary gland
  • Largest endocrine gland : Thyroid gland
  • Largest endocrine organ: Gut
  • Temporary endocrine gland: Corpus, luteum, placenta
  • Receding endocrine gland: Thymus, shrink after puberty.
  • Triple 'F' & four 'S' gland: Adrenal gland


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