Short notes on Rio Earth Summit, Agenda 21, Kyoto protocol and COP15

Biodiversity and conservational Biology Notes on Conservation efforts Rio Earth Summit,  Agenda 21, Kyoto protocol and COP15
Rio Earth Summit,  Agenda 21, Kyoto protocol, COP15

Rio Earth Summit
  • The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, (UNCED) held at Rio de jeneiro, Brazil from 3rd June to 14th June 1992.
  • The issues addressed include:
  • Systematic scrutiny of production of toxic compounds or poisonous compounds including radioactive waste
  • Reducing global climate change by finding fossil fuel alternative
  • Reduce vehicle emission thereby pollution
  • Water conservation
Agenda 21: outcome of Rio summit
  • Action plan released by United Nations with regard to sustainable development.
  • It is a product of the Earth Summit (UN Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992.
  •  It is an action agenda for the UN, and individual governments around the world that can be executed at local, national, and global levels.
  • The "21" in Agenda 21 refers to the 21st Century.
Kyoto protocol
  • an international treaty under UN to fight global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emission especially CO2 emission by human activities
  • The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997
  • Involving 192 countries.
  • The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference, commonly known as the Copenhagen Summit, was held at Copenhagen, Denmark, between 7 and 18 December.
  • The conference included the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP 15) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 5th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 5) to the Kyoto Protocol.
  • Endorses continuation of Kyoto protocol.
  • To tackle climate change caused by human activities.
  • To reduce greenhouse gas emission.

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